Crow Nation

Crow Nation
Crow Reservation
PO Box 159 | Bacheeitche Avenue
Crow Agency, MT 59022

Phone: (406) 638-3708
Fax: (406) 638-3773



Crow Nation

The People

About 75 percent of the Crow tribe's approximately 10,000 or more enrolled members live on or near the reservation. Eighty-five percent speak Crow as their first language.

This tribe was called "Apsaalooke," which means "children of the large-beaked bird." White men later misinterpreted the word as "crow."

Chief Plenty Coups was the last chief to gain that status in the traditional Crow manner. He lived until 1932, leaving his land and home as a park for all people.


The Crow Reservation is in southcentral Montana, bordered by Wyoming on the south, with its northwestern boundary about 10 miles from Billings.


For many years the vast coal deposits under the eastern portion of the reservation remained untapped. One mine is now in operation and providing royalty income and employment to tribal members. The Crow operate only a small portion of their irrigated or dry farm acreage and about 30 percent of their grazing land. They maintain a buffalo herd of 300 head.

Points of Interest

Little Big Horn College

(406) 683-3104

Tribal Government

Crow Constitution & By-laws for the Crow Tribe of Indians

The Crow Tribal Council is the governing body of the Crow Tribe of Indians and is made of up three branches of government, the Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches. Members of the Executive Branch serve a four year term. Elections for all Executive Branch positions are held every four years in the month of November.

Meet the Crow Tribal Executive Branch:

Fast Facts

  • The Crow Indian Reservation, headquartered in Crow Agency, is the largest reservation in Montana encompassing approximately 2.2 million acres.
  • The Crow Tribe has a membership of 11,000, of whom 7,900 reside on the Crow Indian Reservation.
  • The tribe is originally called "Apsáalooke," which means "children of the large-beaked bird." White men later misinterpreted the word as "Crow."
  • 85% of the tribe speaks Crow as their first language.
  • The reservation's economy is derived from the rich resources of the Tribe's land, which is used directly to support livestock and other operations.
  • The tribe's annual celebrations include Crow Native Days in June and Crow Fair and Rodeo in July.